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  • 2.1-COTTON VALUE ADDITION-IMPACT OF VARIETIES AND PRODUCTION PRACTICES ON COTTON QUALITY

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  • Impact of varieties and production practices on cotton quality

    Chapter 2 - Cotton value addition - Impact of varieties and production practices

     
     
    The quality of cotton fibre in the bale depends on many factors including variety, weather conditions, cultural practices, harvesting and storage practices, moisture and trash content, ginning processes, and post-baling storage and handling practices. Certain quality characteristics are highly influenced by genetics, while others are determined mainly by environmental conditions, cultural practices, or by harvesting and ginning practices. Problems during any step of production or processing can cause irreversible damage to fibre quality and reduce profits for the producer as well as the segments of the textile industry including spinning, weaving, dyeing, and finishing. Fibre quality is highest the day the mature cotton boll opens. Weathering, mechanical harvesting, handling, ginning, and manufacturing can diminish the natural quality. Enormous differences exist around the world in terms of cotton production, harvesting and ginning practices.