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  • 6.1.3-MARKET PROFILES-COTTON QUALITIES SUPPLIED DOMESTICALLY

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  • Cotton qualities supplied domestically

    Chapter 6 - Market profiles - Bangladesh 

     
     
    Bangladesh produces some cotton, though it can not be termed a cotton-producing country. It has a Cotton Development Board (CDB), which operates under the Ministry of Agriculture. The quality of the domestic cotton is good according to some spinners but prices are higher than world prices.

    Bangladesh grows two types of cotton: American Cotton and Comilla cotton or hill cotton. American cotton with a staple length of 1.125"–1.25" is cultivated in the south-western, northern and central regions of the country. The coarse and short staple length Comilla cotton, on the other hand, is grown in the hill districts.

    Initiatives had previously been taken to encourage cultivation of cotton. Upland American cotton cultivation was initiated in the country in 1974/75 with the experimental introduction of an American variety (Deltapine-16) from the United States. Cotton cultivation in Bangladesh was given impetus in 1977 with a comprehensive cotton development programme at CDB. Since then CDB has released eight varieties: CB-1, CB-3, CB-5, CB-7, SI/91/646, SA/CB-1/99, JA/CB-5/99, and AVA.

    Bangladesh has not achieved much in its efforts to develop cotton domestically. Cotton area is estimated between 40,000 and 50,000 hectares and production has been stagnating around 15,000 tons of lint since 2001/02. This is mainly due to the lack of irrigation, the long production time (6–7 months), low prices, and lack of seed production and supply, training and advisory services. Domestic production accounts for 3% of mill consumption.