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  • 6.4.3-MARKET PROFILES-IMPORTS OF COTTON INTO INDONESIA

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  • Imports of cotton into Indonesia

    Chapter 6 - Market profiles - Indonesia 

     
     

    Indonesia is the third-largest importer of cotton behind China and Turkey. Official statistics available show that cotton imports into Indonesia remained stable at around 450,000 tons from 2004 through 2006, down from 523,000 tons in 2003 and 625,000 tons in 2002. In 2006 Indonesia imported cotton valued at $620 million.

    Indonesia sources raw cotton from all over the world. Statistics reveal that the top 20 suppliers account for about 90% of Indonesian imports. Australia was traditionally the dominant cotton supplier until 2002 with a market share close to 40%. However, the drought that reduced Australia’s exportable supply of cotton has resulted in an increase of imports from the United States. In 2006, the United States accounted for 34% of Indonesian imports, and Australia for 20%. Imports from India reached 9% of the market in 2006, surpassing those from Brazil (8%). Twelve African countries were among the top 20 suppliers in 2006, together with Uzbekistan, the Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan and Mexico.

     

    6.4.3-en 

     

    Specific cotton quality requirements of the domestic textile industry

    Indonesia consumes and imports a wide range of raw cottons from short staple to extra long staple. The bulk of imports have a staple length ranging from 1" to 1-1/8".

    Cotton is sold on the basis of USDA classing on approved ratings of fibre properties such as the fibre length, strength, uniformity, elongation, brightness and maturity (micronaire), and in different grades such as good middling and strict middling.