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    Chapter 6 - Market profiles - Vietnam 

     
     

    Imports of cotton accounted for 0.5% of Viet Nam's total annual imports by value during 2002-2006. Out of the total import value of cotton, uncarded and uncombed cotton took around 91%, leaving only 3% for carded or combed cotton, and 6% for cotton waste.

     6.9.1.3-en1 

    Viet Nam's imports of uncarded and uncombed cotton increased constantly during 2003-2006, reaching 165,849 tons in 2006 compared to 78,778 tons in 2003. The import value increased likewise, from US$ 92.4 million in 2003 to US$ 204.4 million in 2006.

     6.9.1.3-en2 

    The unit import value reached its highest level of US$ 1,451 per ton in 2004, and its lowest level of US$ 1,122 per ton in 2005.

    Figure 33: Unit import value of uncarded and uncombed cotton, 2003-2006
    (in US$ per ton)

     6.9.1.3-en3 

    Source: Ministry of Trade and Industry, Viet Nam

    Viet Nam imported uncarded and uncombed cotton mainly from 17 countries: the United States, India, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Pakistan, the United Republic of Tanzania, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, Australia, Brazil, Cameroon, China, Senegal, Germany, South Africa, Argentina, and Togo. Between them, these 17 countries supplied 100% of Viet Nam's total imports in 2002, 97% in 2003, 96% in 2004, and 99% in 2005.

    In 2002-2005, the United States was the dominant supplying country to Viet Nam. It accounted for 77% of Viet Nam's total imports of uncarded and uncombed cotton by value in 2002, 66% in 2003, 62% in 2004, and 50% in 2005. India was the second-biggest supplier, supplying 5% of the total import value in 2003, 1% in 2004, and 23% in 2005. The third-biggest supplier was Côte d'Ivoire, which accounted for 4% during 2004 and 2005. Other important suppliers to Viet Nam were Pakistan, the United Republic of Tanzania, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, Australia and Brazil.

     6.9.1.3-en4 

    In terms of unit import value, the highest level recorded was US$ 1,431 per ton in 2003 for uncarded and uncombed cotton from the United Republic of Tanzania, US$ 1,519 per ton in 2004 for uncarded and uncombed cotton from the United States, and US$ 1,423 per ton in 2005 for uncarded and uncombed cotton from Brazil. The lowest level recorded was US$ 943 per ton in 2003 for uncarded and uncombed cotton from India, US$ 949 per ton in 2004 for uncarded and uncombed cotton from the United Republic of Tanzania, and US$ 826 per ton in 2005 for uncarded and uncombed cotton from Argentina.

     6.9.1.3-en5 

    In contrast to the situation for uncarded and uncombed cotton, import demand in Viet Nam for carded or combed cotton has been following a downward trend. It reduced sharply from 4,903 tons in 2003 to 1,246 tons in 2004, and was 2,267 tons in 2005. In 2006, it increased slightly to 2,993 tons. Correspondingly, the import value reduced from US$ 8.4 million in 2003, to US$ 2.3 million in 2004, US$ 3.5 million in 2005, and increased to US$ 5.5 million in 2006.

    6.9.1.3-en6 

    The unit import value reached its highest level of US$ 1,885 per ton in 2004; the lowest level recorded was US$ 1,529 per ton in 2005.


    Figure 34: Unit import value of carded or combed cotton, 2003-2006

    6.9.1.3.-en7 

    Source: Ministry of Trade and Industry, Viet Nam

    Viet Nam imported carded or combed cotton from 10 main countries: Mexico, Pakistan, the United States, the United Republic of Tanzania, the Republic of Korea, Indonesia, Togo, Singapore, Chinese Taipei and Ghana. Between them, these countries supplied 98% of Viet Nam's total imports by value in 2002, 97% in 2003, 86% in 2004, and 100% in 2005.

    During 2002-2005, the United Republic of Tanzania was the leading supplier of carded or combed cotton to Viet Nam. It accounted for 9% of the total import value in 2004, and 37% in 2005. The United States was the second-most important supplier, accounting for 5% of total import value in 2003, 9% in 2004, and 31% in 2005. Togo, the third-largest supplier, accounted for 8% of total import value in 2002, 12% in 2003, and 14% in 2005. Other important suppliers were Pakistan, Indonesia, and the Republic of Korea.

    6.9.1.3-en8 

    In terms of unit import value, the highest level recorded was US$ 6,176 per ton in 2005 for carded or combed cotton from the United States, and US$ 5,667 per ton in 2006 for carded or combed cotton from Indonesia. The lowest level recorded was US$ 3,731 per ton in 2005 and US$ 3,200 per ton in 2006 for carded or combed cotton from the Republic of Korea.

    6.9.1.3-en9 

    As with carded or combed cotton, import demand for cotton waste in Viet Nam was also very low compared to import demand for uncarded and uncombed cotton. The total import quantity reached its highest level of 12,644 tons in 2004 and its lowest, 6,441 tons, in 2005. The corresponding import values were US$ 10.8 million in 2004 and US$ 4.6 million in 2005.

    6.9.1.3-en10 

    The highest unit import value recorded was US$ 870 per ton in 2006; the lowest level of US$ 713 was recorded in 2003.

    Figure 35: Unit import value of cotton waste, 2003-2006

    6.9.1.3-en11 

    Source: Ministry of Trade and Industry, Viet Nam

    Viet Nam imported cotton waste from 11 main countries: Indonesia, the United States, Germany, Pakistan, Côte d'Ivoire, Malaysia, Chinese Taipei, Benin, Australia, India and Burkina Faso. Between them, these countries supplied 100% of Viet Nam's imports of cotton waste in 2002, 98% in 2003, 99% in 2004, and 93% in 2005.

    In 2005, Indonesia was the leading supplier of cotton waste to Viet Nam. It accounted for 17% of the total import value in 2002, 10% in 2003, 8% in 2004, and 28% in 2005. Germany was the second-largest supplier, supplying 12% in 2003, 23% in 2004, and 22% in 2005. Pakistan, the third-largest supplier, accounted for 24% of the total import value in 2003, 9% in 2004, and 17% in 2005.

    6.9.1.3-en12 

    Malaysia was the dominant supplier of cotton waste to Viet Nam during 2002-2004: it supplied 78% of the total import value in 2002, 21% in 2003, and 35% in 2004. But it was overtaken over in 2005 and supplied only 8% to Viet Nam, falling to fifth place.

    Chinese Taipei has traditionally been an important supplier of cotton waste. It supplied 5% of the total import value of Viet Nam in 2002, 13% in 2003, 3% in 2004, and 7% in 2005. Côte d'Ivoire, a new supplier in 2005, and supplied 9% of the total import value in that year.

    In terms of unit import value, the highest level recorded was US$ 1,097 per ton in 2004 for cotton waste from India, and US$ 842 per ton in 2005 and US$ 823 per ton in 2006 for cotton waste from the United States. The lowest level recorded was US$ 307 per ton in 2004 for cotton waste from Benin, US$ 634 per ton in 2005 for cotton waste from Chinese Taipei, and US$ 482 per ton in 2006 for cotton waste from Côte d'Ivoire.
    6.9.1.3-en13 

    Imports of cotton yarn into Viet Nam have been rather stable, at US$ 45 million in 2003, US$ 45.6 million in 2004, and US$ 43.4 million in 2005.

    The type of cotton yarn most commonly imported into Viet Nam was cotton yarn containing 85% or more of cotton in weight, not put up for retail sale, single, uncombed, dtex 714.29-232.56 (HS 520512). However, the share of this type reduced from 40% of total imports by value in 2003, to 27% in 2003, and 24% in 2005.

    The second-most commonly imported cotton yarn was cotton yarn containing 85% or more of cotton in weight, not put up for retail sale, multiple, combed, dtex 714.29-232.56 (HS 520542). This item accounted for 13% of Viet Nam's total imports of cotton yarn in 2003, 15% in 2004, and 12% in 2005.

    The third-most important cotton yarn imported into Viet Nam was cotton yarn containing 85% or more of cotton in weight, not put up for retail sale, multiple, combed, dtex 192.31-125 (HS 520544). This item accounted for 9% of Viet Nam's total imports of cotton yarn in 2003, 8% in 2004, and 11% in 2005.

    In fourth place was cotton yarn containing 85% or more of cotton in weight, not put up for retail sale, single, combed, dtex 714.29-232.56 (HS 520522). This item accounted for 7% of Viet Nam's total imports of cotton yarn in 2003, 2% in 2004, and 7% in 2005.

    These four types of cotton yarn together accounted for 68% of the total import value of cotton yarn in Viet Nam in 2003, 62% in 2004, and 53% in 2005.

    6.9.1.3-en14 

    Viet Nam imported cotton yarn under HS 520512 from 10 countries: the Republic of Korea, Chinese Taipei, China, Hong Kong (China), Malaysia, the Philippines, Guatemala, Japan, the United States and Indonesia. The Republic of Korea, Chinese Taipei, China, and Hong Kong (China) between them accounted for around 90% of Viet Nam's annual imports of this type of cotton.

    6.9.1.3-en15 

    In terms of unit import value, the highest level recorded was US$ 2,057 per ton in 2003 for product from the Philippines, and US$ 2,804 per ton in 2004 and US$ 2,706 per ton in 2005 for product from the United States. The lowest level recorded was US$ 1,284 per ton in 2003 for product from Indonesia, and US$ 1,110 per ton in 2004 and US$ 1,529 per ton in 2005 for product from China.

    Viet Nam imported cotton yarn under HS 520542 mainly from three countries: China, Hong Kong (China), and the Republic of Korea. These three countries supplied 100% of Viet Nam's imports of this type of cotton in 2003, 93% in 2004, and 97% in 2005. China was the dominant supplier, accounting for 51% of the total imports in 2003, 52% in 2004, and 69% in 2005.
    6.9.1.3-en16 

    In terms of unit import value, the highest level recorded was US$ 5,165 per ton in 2003, US$ 5,479 per ton in 2004, and US$ 7,600 per ton in 2005, all for product from the Republic of Korea. The lowest level recorded was US$ 3,141 per ton in 2003, US$ 3,761 per ton in 2004, and US$ 3,830 per ton in 2005, for product from Hong Kong (China).

    Viet Nam imported cotton yarn under HS 520544 from three suppliers: Hong Kong (China), Chinese Taipei and China. Hong Kong (China) dominated, supplying 83% of the total import value in 2003, 90% in 2004, and 95% in 2005.

    6.9.1.3-en17 

    In terms of unit import value, the highest level recorded was US$ 7,366 per ton in 2003, US$ 14,800 in 2004, and US$ 5,938 per ton in 2005, for product from Chinese Taipei. The lowest level recorded was US$ 3,319 per ton in 2003, US$ 4,454 per ton in 2004, and US$ 4,628 per ton in 2005, for product from Hong Kong (China).

    Viet Nam imported cotton yarn under HS 520522 from five main countries: Chinese Taipei, China, Pakistan, the Republic of Korea and India. These five countries supplied 97% of Viet Nam's total annual import value during 2004-2005. Chinese Taipei was the dominant supplier, providing 41% of the total import value in 2003, 26% in 2004, and 46% in 2005. The Republic of Korea has traditionally been an important supplier. It accounted for 40% of the total import value of Viet Nam in 2003, 29% in 2004, and 11% in 2005.

    6.9.1.3-en18 

    In terms of unit import value, the highest level recorded was US$ 4,196 per ton in 2003 and US$ 4,131 per ton in 2004 for product from the Republic of Korea, and US$ 3,532 per ton in 2005 for product from China. The lowest level recorded was US$ 1,931 per ton in 2003 for product from India, US$ 1,856 per ton in 2004 for product from Pakistan, and US$ 1,890 per ton in 2005 for product from India. 

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